An Electronic Newsletter 
of EEA's Environmental Consulting Activities
Fall 2003

EEA, Inc.
55 Hilton Avenue
Garden City, New York
(516) 746-4400
(212) 227-3200
(800) 459-5533

additional New York offices:
Stony Brook
(631) 751-4600
(518) 861-8586

New Jersey Office:
(201) 865-8444 

e-mail addresses:

First initial and last name

EEA services include 
Phase I ESAs, Haz-Mat
Testing and Remediation, Wetlands Delineation 
and Creation, Natural
Resources Inventories,
Marine Ecology Studies,
Air Quality and Noise
studies, and Environmental Management System (ISO 14000) implementation. 

Visit our web site at

For information or
quotes contact:

Phase I ESAs
Richard Fasciani

Phase II/III Haz-Mat
Testing and Remediation
Nicholas Recchia, CPG

Dredge Management Testing Jeffrey Shelkey             

EAS/EIS Studies
Janet Collura, CWS

Wetlands Studies and
Laura Schwanof, RLA

Marine Ecology
Teresa Rotunno

Terrestrial Ecology
Denise Harrington, AICP

Air Quality and Noise
Victor Fahrer, P.E.

Power Plants-Water Permitting
Glenn Piehler, Ph.D.

Environmental Management Systems (ISO 14000)
Robert Clifford

EEA, Inc. - 
founded in 1979

Leland M. Hairr, Ph.D.

Allen Serper, M.S., P.E.
Vice President

Roy R. Stoecker, Ph.D.
Vice President



New York's New Push to Get Results
(printer friendly version uses Acrobat Reader)

2003 Brownfield Legislation

The State Legislature passed legislation (September 2003) establishing a  statutory  Brownfield  Cleanup  Program for hazardous waste  and petroleum  contaminated  sites and  refinancing  the State's  hazardous waste superfund.   The goals are to  revitalize thousands of Brownfield sites and to create new businesses by establishing clear standards  for Brownfield  cleanup, economic incentives and liability relief.  The legis- lation also refinanced the State Superfund Program  ($120 million) for the investigation and remediation of contaminated properties and state costs for cleaning up off site contamination under the Voluntary Cleanup Program.

Hazardous Waste Clean Up Operation

The major elements of the new statute are:

  • The statute defines which sites can be included in the State's  program.  Generally sites contaminated with Hazardous Waste or Petroleum or both are eligible for the program.  However, sites where environmental enforcement activities are already ongoing are not eligible.

  • The legislation creates different categories of applicants who may undertake a Brownfield cleanup program.  These include participants who may  already be  responsible  parties for  the contamination at the site and volunteers who have no respon- sibility for  the  site or the contamination  located at  the sites.

  • The program, the applicant and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) enter into a written  agreement in which the applicant  agrees  to conduct certain  remedial  activities that are contained  in a  proposed remedial  work  plan.  This proposed  remedial  work  plan is subject to a public comment period and may be modified.

The NYSDEC can issue grants to Not-for-Profit groups to conduct Brownfield assessments, and pre-nomination studies of sites to participate in the Brownfield Program.

Removal of Leaking Underground Petroleum Tanks

The NYSDEC will be developing “a Multi-track approach or standards for the remediation of contamination.”  Regulations will be developed establishing generic tables of contaminant specific remedial action objectives for soil, based on a site’s current, intended or reasonably anticipated future use including unrestricted, commercial and industrial uses.

There are many other details regarding the new Brownfield Program that can be found on the web at the New York State Legislature;  enter S5702.

Phase I Environmental Site Assessments

Usually the first step in identifying potentially contaminated properties is by performing a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment following the ASTM standard (E1527-00) for due diligence or appropriate inquiry.  EEA has performed approximately 5,000 Phase I assessments which include researching historical land uses for the site, checking regulatory agency records for hazardous material uses at the property and surrounding area and a visual inspection of conditions leading to conclusions regarding the need for subsurface testing.

In addition to private clients, EEA has been contracted by New York City Department of Environmental Protection to perform Phase I ESAs (1996-2006) for the land acquisition program on the City’s upstate water supply reservoir watersheds and by the NYC Department of Sanitation (1998-2003) for Phase I ESAs at prospective waste transfer sites.

Phase II Testing and Phase III Remediation or Cleanup

If the  Phase I ESA  identifies that past or present uses on a property involved  hazardous materials or petroleum products and indications of the presence or likely presence of an existing release  to  soils  or  in  the structures, release to ground- water or surface water on the property, then the need for further investigation (Phase II testing) is required.  The testing program must be defined in terms of appropriate sampling locations (i.e., soil, ground- water), sampling methods and specific contaminants to be tested. 

Subsurface Testing inside Building 
using a Track-mounted Geoprobe

Standard protocols (ASTM, state, etc.) provide guidance; however, experienced professionals are essential to insure a reliable program is performed.

EEA has been performing Phase II/III hazmat testing and remediation programs for over fifteen years – ranging from underground leaking tanks to large industrial complexes, including the former Phelps Dodge Copper Refinery site in Queens (for NYCDEP).  For sites that have contamination levels that require remediation, EEA's staff  of certified professional geologists, professional engineers and remediation specialists employ innovative cleanup techniques, including:

  Soil gas venting
  Bioventing in situ and ex situ
  Addition of chemical oxidation to groundwater
  Reductive Dehalogenation of groundwater
    contaminated by chlorinated solvents

... as well as the more common technique of excavating and removal of contaminated soils.

Some Cleanup Projects Take Extended Periods to Complete

EEA recently completed a soil and groundwater remediation program at a dry cleaning and laundry facility located on the south shore of Long Island.  The property was listed as an Inactive Hazardous Waste site by the NYSDEC when perchloroethylene and trichloroethylene solvents were discovered by the Nassau County Department of Health during a site inspection.  

Soil and Groundwater Sampling with a Geoprobe

EEA assisted the property owner's  attorneys in negotiating a consent order (cleanup plan) that was acceptable to the buyer, seller and NYSDEC.  EEA implemented the work plan which included closure of the sanitary leaching pools and connection to the sanitary sewer system in the street, installation of numerous groundwater monitoring wells to delineate and monitor the solvent plume, and then the design and installation of a soil vapor extraction and air sparging system appropriately sized to remediate the contamination on site.

The first phase of the project was source removal, which involved excavation and disposal of the most elevated concentrations of contaminated soils and sludges in the sanitary system.  EEA then excavated a series of trenches and installed several soil vapor extraction wells on the property, to capture and recover the chlorinated solvents trapped in the subsurface soils.  Additionally, two sparging (air injection) wells were installed near the source area, below the groundwater table.  The entire system was inspected by the NYSDEC and approved for operation.  

The system was initially run in the soil vapor extraction mode to remove the solvents trapped in the soil pore spaces.  When routine analytical testing showed a significant drop in contaminants, the air sparging system was started and operated with the soil vapor extraction system.  The system was run for approximately eighteen months until routine confirmation testing and NYSDEC approval allowed the system to be turned off and dismantled.