An Electronic Newsletter 
of EEA's Environmental Consulting Activities
Spring 2003

EEA, Inc.
55 Hilton Avenue
Garden City, New York
(516) 746-4400
(212) 227-3200
(800) 459-5533

with additional New York offices in:
Stony Brook
(631) 751-4600
(518) 861-8586

e-mail addresses:

First initial and last name

EEA services include 
Phase I ESAs, Haz-Mat
Testing and Remediation, Wetlands Delineation 
and Creation, Natural
Resources Inventories,
Marine Ecology Studies,
Air Quality and Noise
studies, and Environmental Management System (ISO 14000) implementation. 

Visit our web site at

For information or
quotes contact:

Phase I ESAs
Richard Fasciani

Phase II/III Haz-Mat
Testing and Remediation
Nicholas Recchia, CPG

Dredge Management Testing Jeffrey Shelkey             

EAS/EIS Studies
Janet Collura

Wetlands Studies and
Laura Schwanof, RLA

Marine Ecology
Teresa Rotunno

Terrestrial Ecology
Denise Harrington

Air Quality and Noise
Victor Fahrer, P.E.

Environmental Management Systems (ISO 14000)
Robert Clifford

EEA, Inc. - 
founded in 1979

Leland M. Hairr, Ph.D.

Allen Serper, M.S., P.E.
Vice President

Roy R. Stoecker, Ph.D.
Vice President


Winds of Change Blow Across Long Island

With the approach of spring, Long Island residents are breaking out of their winter hibernation and spending more time outside enjoying the fresh air and ocean breezes. Our spectacular sea breeze, however, holds more promise than just igniting spring fever. In the future it may supply a large portion of Long Island’s electricity.

Governor Pataki wishes to develop an energy plan for New York that calls for 25% of all electricity used to be produced through the use of renewable energy sources by 2013. One form of renewable energy, wind, is prevalent on Long Island, one of New York’s most heavily populated, and therefore, energy demanding areas. The land resources for building electric generating turbines are limited, however, and focus has now moved offshore. Winds along the south shore of Long Island are strong and would be able to support offshore turbines that could produce electricity for the island.

Wind energy is clean and best of all, inexhaustible. As the wind blows, it turns the blades of the turbines, which cause a power train to produce a current. This current is carried by underwater cables to an offshore substation and then brought to land through another cable that is connected to the existing power grid on land. And all of this is done without burning fossil fuels.

Offshore wind energy is popular in Europe, but no offshore wind farms have been constructed in the United States or North America yet. This project would be one of the first, if not the first, in the United States (another project is planned for Nantucket Sound). Several scientific studies of offshore European wind farms are being conducted, but as of yet, there are very few negative environmental impacts. Bird strikes are low and the bases of turbines actually attract marine life. Studies have shown that invertebrates colonize the bases of turbines, in turn attracting fish. These artificial reef systems can act as nursing grounds for fish and invertebrates and are popular areas for fishermen who use fixed gear types (pots and traps).

The Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) has taken a large step in the direction of renewable energy with the proposal of an offshore wind farm and has recently released a request for proposals for a developer to build one along the south shore of Long Island. The wind farm would consist of 25 – 50 turbines that could produce 100 - 140 megawatts of power for the island. Turbines would be located in the Atlantic Ocean, approximately three miles from shore, and in approximately fifty feet of water.

EEA, along with other environmental consultants, has conducted a preliminary study of the entire south shore to locate possible sites for an offshore wind farm. EEA wrote a section of a desktop study that describes the natural resources on the south shore of Long Island and addresses sensitive issues involved in the building of an offshore wind farm. Possible locations were analyzed using physical, geological, biological, socio-economic, and archaeological data, and after careful consideration, the most practical location for the offshore wind farm was south of Jones Island. This location has wind speeds necessary to turn the turbines, water shallow enough to accommodate the construction of turbines, does not have rare archaeological artifacts or marine species, and is farther west of some of the more heavily used commercial fishing grounds. 

Jones Beach Simulation of an 
Offshore Wind Energy Farm

However, one of the most sensitive issues in offshore construction is the loss of trawling grounds for commercial fishermen. Commercial fishermen say that they trawl the waters off Jones Island and the construction of turbines would displace their fishing operations. EEA is now working with the Montauk Fishermen’s Association to try to work through this issue and alleviate some of their concerns.

LIPA plans to have the entire operation up and running in 2007. This offshore wind initiative has the support of several public interest and environmental groups including: the Citizens’ Advisory Panel, Sustainable Energy Alliance, Long Island Neighborhood Network, NRDC, and Campaign for the Environment, to name a few. LIPA has also retained the services of consultants and counsel including: AWS Scientific, AEG Inc., EEA Inc., Navigant Consulting Inc., and EnviroLaw to lead it through the legal, permitting, and environmental aspects of the initiative. The offshore wind initiative is an exciting step for Long Island and EEA is glad to be part of this environmentally beneficial project.